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  1. S. Schoenbaum, William Shakespeare: A Documentary Life (New York: Oxford University Press and Scolar Press, 1975), p. 152.
  2. For example, Michael Holroyd, Bernard Shaw, 4 vols. (1988-); Richard Ellmann, James Joyce (1959, 1982), and Oscar Wilde (1969, 1988). Ellman has also written about Yeats.
  3. Marjorie Garber, Shakespeare's Ghostwriters: Literature as Uncanny Causality (New York and London: Methuen, 1987), p. 9, cited by Richard Wheeler in an unpublished paper entitled "Deaths in the Family: The Loss of a Son and the Rise of Shakespearean Comedy," presented at the Shakespeare Association of America meeting in San Francisco, April 2-3, 1999. I am especially indebted to Richard Wheeler in this essay and in his Shakespeare's Development and the Problem Comedies: Turn and Counter-Turn (Berkeley, Los Angeles, and London: University of California Press, 1981).
  4. S. T. Coleridge, Table Talk (London: Murray, 1835), 2.180-1, cited in Peter Stallybrass, "Editing as Cultural Formation: The Sexing of Shakespeare's Sonnets," in Modern Language Quarterly 54 (1993), 91-104.
  5. Edward Dowden, Shakspere: A Critical Study of His Mind and Art (London, 1898, 1881; thirteenth edition, 1906). A remarkably influential book.
  6. Richard Wheeler (see n. 3 above) cites the instance of Bernhard Ten Brink, Five Lectures on Shakespeare, trans. Julia Franklin (London: G. Bell, 1895).

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